Diabetic diet

The diet most often recommended is high in dietary fiber, especially soluble fiber, but low in fat (especially saturated fat). However, recommendations on the fraction of total calories to be obtained from carbohydrates range from 1/6 to 75%. Patients may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI). (In cases of hypoglycemia, they are advised to have food or drink that can raise blood glucose quickly, followed by a long-acting carbohydrate (such as rye bread) to prevent risk of further hypoglycemia.)

 

Timing of meals

For people with diabetes, healthy eating is not simply a matter of "what one eats", but also when one eats. The question of how long before a meal one should inject insulin is asked in Sonsken, Fox and Judd (1998). The answer is that it depends upon the type of insulin one takes and whether it is long, medium or quick-acting insulin. If patients check their blood glucose at bedtime and find that it is low, it is advisable that they take some long-acting carbohydrate before retiring to bed to prevent night-time hypoglycemia.